What should I pay attention to when raising sheep after the summer? Master 4 points
After the summer, the temperature is getting higher and higher, and proper adjustments should be made to raising sheep, such as breeding and management. The key point is to prevent heat stress and mosquito disturbance in sheep, and scientific feeding and management. In fact, summer is also a good season for raising sheep. It is recommended to pay attention to the following 4 aspects when raising sheep after the summer:
1. Adjust feeding
After entering the summer, the feeding time and feed ratio should be adjusted to improve the feed intake and digestion capacity of the sheep. The decrease in sheep feed intake in summer is largely related to the high temperature and high humidity, especially during the high temperature period during the day, the sheep hardly eat anything. In order to keep the sheep good appetite, we can adjust the feeding time Before 6:00 in the morning and after 6:00 in the afternoon, feeding when the weather is cool can help increase the feed intake of the sheep, so that the daytime interval between two feedings will be longer. We can feed the sheep during the day with some green and green Juice feed. The feed should also be adjusted to some extent. First of all, coarse feed. In other seasons, crop stalks are mainly used. In summer, the green and juicy feed is richer. You can add more green and juicy feed to improve the palatability of the feed. The rich content of trace elements and vitamins in juice feed can improve the ability of sheep to resist heat stress. Then, in the case of concentrated feed, the amount of wheat bran can be appropriately increased in summer, and the proportion of wheat bran in concentrated feed can be increased to about 15%, because Wheat bran is cool and has a laxative effect. It is better to feed sheep more wheat bran in summer. In addition, in summer, the sheep should be provided with sufficient drinking water, 24-hour uninterrupted water supply, and electrolytic multi-dimensional etc. should be added to the drinking water to alleviate the heat stress of the sheep.
2. Provide a comfortable living environment
Sheep like a dry environment and don’t like living in a narrow, humid, and filthy environment. In summer, the temperature is volatile, and due to rain and relatively high humidity, such an environment is conducive to the reproduction of parasites, and it is beneficial to the growth and fattening of mutton sheep. Fat is extremely unfavorable, so it is necessary to strengthen the management of the mutton environment and provide it with a comfortable living environment.
In summer, in order to reduce heat stress, it is necessary to control the breeding density of the sheep. Generally, it is advisable to use an area of 2m2 for each sheep in the summer.
High temperature and humidity in summer are the main reasons that affect the appetite and health of sheep. Sheep farmers should prepare various facilities for cooling and dehumidifying the sheep shed before the beginning of summer.
In addition, there are more mosquitoes and flies in summer, which will not only invade the normal feeding and rest of the sheep, but also spread disease and affect the health of the sheep. Therefore, preventing mosquitoes and flies has become an important task of raising sheep in summer. To prevent mosquitoes and flies, a variety of methods should be used. The first is to do a good job of sanitation inside and outside the sheep house. The manure should be cleaned in time and piled up and fermented. No puddles are left around the sheep farm. If a puddle must be left, it can be put into use. Quicklime or drugs kill mosquito larvae; secondly, some pyrethrum, mint, rosemary, lavender and other plants that have the repellent effect on mosquitoes and flies can be planted inside and outside the sheep farm; and the insecticidal lamp can be installed in the sheep farm and sheep barn , Mosquitoes and flies and other insects are destroyed by their phototaxis; in addition, mosquitoes and flies can be eliminated and driven by regular spraying around the sheep barn. Generally, drugs such as trichlorfon, pyrethrin and phoxim can be selected. Spray directly into the sheep body, feeding trough, and water trough to avoid poisoning the sheep.
3. Trim wool and trim sheep's hooves
(1) Shearing fleece
Thick wool and cashmere can keep the sheep from the cold. In the cold winter, it can reduce the heat loss and energy consumption of the sheep. However, in the summer it will become an obstacle to the heat dissipation of the sheep, so be sure to treat the sheep before the summer Only shear and fleece. Sheep shearing and fleece should be done when the weather is good. Sheep shearing and goat fleece. If cashmere is not required, goats can also be sheared. Sheep shearing generally adopts a lateral position. The breeder uses an electric clipper or scissors to quickly cut off one side of the coat, and then turn the sheep over and then cut the other side of the coat. Keep the wool on the abdomen to prevent the sheep from lying on their stomachs. When the abdomen is cold. Goat fleece generally adopts a standing posture. After setting it, use a fleece comb to comb the fleece from front to back repeatedly until the fleece is combed clean. After sheep shearing and fleece, the medicated bath can better get rid of ectoparasites. You can choose 0.01% trichlorfon solution or 0.01% amitraz solution to medicated the sheep. Be sure to let the sheep before the medicated bath. Drink enough water to avoid poisoning caused by drinking medicated bath liquid during medicated bathing. If medicated bath is not available, you can also choose to spray body spray to repel insects.
(2) Trim the sheep's hoof
In summer, due to high temperature and humidity, sheep are particularly susceptible to foot rot, laminitis and other limb and hoof diseases. Trimming the sheep's hoof before summer can effectively reduce the incidence of limb and hoof disease. Trimming the sheep's hooves should be done after the rain, or use 3%~5% copper sulfate solution to soak and soften the sheep's hooves, which will make it easier to repair the hooves. The lamb can be fixed on its side or standing. The hoof trimmer presses the hocks of the lamb leg with the knees when it is fixed on the side. The hoof trimmers clamp the hocks of the lamb leg with two thighs when standing and fixed, so as to avoid the hoof of the lamb. Ministry of disorder affects hoof repair. When trimming the hoof, first use a 1-shaped hoof trimmer to remove impurities and hoof rots in the seam of the hoof, and then use a 7-shaped hoof trimmer or fruit tree shears to remove the excess hoof quality. Trim from the outside to the inside. No trimming is allowed at a time. Too much, usually until the light red capillaries can be seen. If you continue trimming, you will bleed. For minor bleeding, you can apply tincture of iodine to disinfect. If there is more bleeding, you can use the cauterization method to stop the bleeding. The bottom of the trimmed sheep's hoof should be flat, the shape should be round, the two forelimbs and the two hind limbs should be of equal height, and the deformed hoof should be trimmed several times for correction.
4. Scientific and orderly grazing supplementary feeding
Forage grass in spring and summer has high nutritional value and is suitable for grazing. However, when grazing and supplementary feeding are carried out in the alternate seasons of spring and summer, attention should be paid to grouping work. This is not only easy to manage, but also keeps the mutton fed evenly and gains fat. balanced.
The principle of grouping should be divided according to strength and gender. Grazing should be flexible and changeable depending on the actual weather conditions, and the time of grazing should be determined according to the weather. Generally choose between 7 am to 10 am and 4 pm to evening. This time period is good. From 11 am to 3 pm, the temperature is higher, which allows the sheep to rest and eat in the pen.
After the flocks return to grazing, provide sufficient and clean drinking water and water supply to the sheep, and do a good job of supplementary feeding after returning to grazing. Feed the mutton sheep 12 times a day with mixed concentrate to promote fat gain.
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