Causes and prevention of caprine acidosis

2020-10-27 16:00:50 Dy 1

Causes and prevention of caprine acidosis

Sheep acidosis can be said to be a relatively common disease in the process of raising sheep, and most sheep farmers will encounter it. Affected sheep usually show loss of appetite, reduced or stopped ruminating, weakened or stopped rumen peristalsis, or mental excitement, often wandering unconsciously, and then will turn from excitement to quietness, and the spirit becomes depressed, partly The whole body of the affected sheep is muscle tremor, limb stiffness and so on. Although the disease is relatively common, most sheep farmers do not fully understand it, so there are often many errors in the treatment process that delay the condition.


1. The cause of caprine acidosis


Most sheep farmers believe that acidosis occurs only when the sheep eats a large amount of concentrate or silage. In fact, it is not. In many cases, acidosis can occur in sheep. such as:


(1) Grain acidosis in sheep


Grain acidosis in sheep is also known as rumen acidosis, commonly known as "harvest disease". It is caused by sheep eating a large amount or stolen grain feed, which causes abnormal fermentation of lactic acid in the rumen, which makes the rumen microbiota and ciliates physiologically active A type of indigestion that is reduced.


(2) Chronic acidosis in sheep


The disease is mainly caused by sheep's long-term and large-scale consumption of silage, dregs and other feeds. Due to the relatively high acidity of such feeds, acidic substances will continue to accumulate and the rumen fluid will become acidic. Over time, the sheep will develop chronic tumors. Stomach acidosis.


(3) Sheep autologous acidosis


Sheep autologous acidosis is a nutritional and metabolic disease caused by the fact that it produces more acidic substances that cannot be fully utilized or decomposed or cannot be excreted from the body. For example, if the sheep does not eat for a long time, excessive gastric acid secretion cannot be used. Suffering from constipation, acidic substances cannot be excreted from the body, etc.


2. Prevention and treatment of caprine acidosis


(1) Grain acidosis in sheep


Stop feeding, use 100~150ml of paraffin oil, 15g of magnesium hydroxide, 2g of ichthyol, 20~30ml of essence, add warm water, and administer it at one time for laxative emptying of gastrointestinal contents and prevention Fermentation. Laxatives that have no effect can be used for gastric lavage with 1500-2000 ml of 5% sodium bicarbonate solution to empty the rumen contents. For sheep with more severe symptoms, infusion should be given, with strong heart rehydration. You can use 500-1000 ml of 5% dextrose saline and 5 ml of 10% sodium camphorsulfonate, mixed and injected intravenously.


(2) Chronic acidosis in sheep


Stop feeding more acidic feeds such as silage and dross feed. You can feed some high-quality and easy-to-digest green juicy feed and green hay feed. Injection medication is the same as sheep grain acidosis.


(3) Sheep autologous acidosis


Intravenous injection of 500-1000 ml of 5% dextrose saline, 10 ml of vitamin C injection, 5 ml of 10% sodium camphorsulfonate injection, and a separate intravenous injection of 100-200 ml of 5% sodium bicarbonate injection to correct acidosis. 7~10ml of vitamin B complex injection can be injected subcutaneously at the same time to improve digestion and promote appetite.


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