How to use Okara to raise cattle?
Many cattle-raising friends are not clear about some of the problems of raising cows with tofu residue, such as: Does the tofu residue need to be cooked to feed the cow? How to ferment tofu residue and how to feed the tofu residue to the cows? A series of questions about raising cattle with tofu residue. Here, China Cattle.com has compiled some relevant information about raising cattle with tofu residue, hoping to give the majority of raisers Some help from Niu friend.
Tofu residue is a by-product of tofu processing and is rich in nutrients. Among them, crude protein is 29.8%, nitrogen-free extract is 34.2%, crude fat is 8.8%, calcium is 0.97%, and phosphorus is 0.45%. It is a good feed for cattle. If the feeding method is improper, it will not only fail to function, but will also produce side effects, resulting in malnutrition, diarrhea, and even death from poisoning. Therefore, the use of tofu residue as feed should be scientific.
Does the tofu residue need to be cooked to feed the cow?
Okara is a protein residue, and it must contain a small amount of enzymes. After cooking, high temperature will cause the loss of enzyme activity, which is basically of no value. But because Okara contains three anti-nutritional factors: trypsin, goiter, coagulin, and three anti-nutritional factors, among which trypsin inhibitor, it can hinder the digestion of legume protein by trypsin in cattle. Absorption, causing diarrhea, affecting growth. When the cow is diarrhea, it will cause the cow to lose fat and feed it for nothing.
What should I do at this time?
Method one, when feeding tofu residue, add 6% baking soda, part of the forage, and quantitative concentrate. The amount of okara increased daily. Allow it to eat freely, and the cattle will not diarrhea.
Method two, let the cows eat after the fermented tofu residue. Fermentation method: 70% tofu residue, 15% corn flour, 15% wheat bran. The water content can be controlled at 50-70%. After mixing, it is sealed and fermented after being pressed tightly. After 2 to 10 days (depending on the temperature), there is a slight wine aroma or sour aroma and can be fed. When starting to use, it is recommended to discard the top thin white layer, and to strictly seal it again immediately after each reclaiming to prevent corruption.
What should you pay attention to when feeding tofu residue? Precautions for feeding tofu residue
1. Moldy and degraded bean curd dregs must not be used. The bean curd dregs have a large water content and will cause some organic acids to decompose and deteriorate after a long time. Some cattle-raising friends pull home several tons and several tons each time. If it is not a large tofu factory, it is rare that there are so many tofu residues at one time. This is bound to contain some of the previous days. If the temperature is pulled home High, the tofu residue is easy to deteriorate, so it is recommended that you must look carefully when buying tofu residue and purchase it according to your needs.
2. Feed diversification. Don't feed all the bean dregs just because it is too much or cheap. This is not advisable. The feed should be diversified, with some grass, green stored feed, and some concentrated feed. Improve palatability and drink first and then feed, coarse and then refined, to promote more food intake.
3. Don't overfeed it. As mentioned above, eating too much tofu residue is prone to indigestion and diarrhea. Therefore, you must control the amount and observe the feces of the cows regularly.
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