What are the symptoms of bovine mite disease? How to cure?

2020-11-25 16:16:52 dy 2

The main symptoms of bovine mite disease are irregular papules, severe itching of the affected area and hair loss. Pay attention to the difference between the disease and eczema and trichophytosis. For symptomatic treatment of sick cows, you can choose three therapies: application, medicated bath, and injection. It is recommended to choose according to the actual situation of the sick cow.


How to treat cow mite disease?


What are the symptoms of bovine mite disease?


The characteristic symptoms of bovine and sheep mite disease are severe itching, hair loss, skin inflammation, crust formation, or scaling.


Scabies usually occurs in areas with few hairs and softness. For example, goats mainly occur around the lips, eye circles, back of the nose and the roots of the ears, and can spread to the underarms, under the abdomen and the hairless areas of the limbs. Sheep mainly occurs on the head, including around the lips, on both sides of the mouth, the edge of the nose and the lower part of the ears. Cattle are mostly confined to the head and neck, and can spread to other parts in severe infections. The skin becomes red and thick, followed by papules and blisters, and secondary bacterial infections can form pustules. When severely infected, the animal is thin, the skin of the diseased part forms wrinkles or cracks, and is dry and desquamated. Herders call it "dry scabies." A small number of sick sheep and calves can die due to loss of appetite and high exhaustion.


Pitch mites usually occur in areas with dense and long hair, such as sheep on the back and buttocks, and then spread to the sides of the body. Cattle mostly occurs in the neck, horn base, and tail root, spread to both sides of the lapels and shoulder blades, and spread to the whole body in severe cases. Goats often occur on the inner surface of the ear shell, the base of the ear, around the lips, eye circles, nose, and back of the nose, and can also spread to the underarms and under the abdomen. Large areas of hair loss are formed in the affected area, blisters and pustules are formed on the skin, and the skin becomes thick and thick. Due to the exudation of lymphatic fluid and tissue fluid and the animals biting each other, the affected area is wet, and the herders call it "wet scabies". In the winter morning, I saw a layer of hoar frost on the affected area, which was very eye-catching. The parasitic location and symptoms of buffalo itch mites are basically the same as those of bovine itch mites, but blisters-like lesions occur on the local skin, and the epidermal stratum corneum falls off in pieces. When severely infected, cattle and sheep are mentally exhausted, appetite is greatly reduced, and death occurs.


The identification of bovine mitosis


1. Eczema is similar to itching, the skin becomes thick, dander, nodules, blisters, and easy to recur. The difference is that eczema mainly occurs in summer, where it occurs on the forehead, tail root, back waist, hind limbs and other recesses, and erythema at the beginning of the disease, then blisters and pustules form. Local heat and pain.


2. The similar part of lice disease is itching, rub the affected part hard to make the local skin appear hair loss. The difference is that most of the parasites are in thinner and more hidden places, such as the root of the ear, groin, under the root of the tail, the inner side of the ear shell, and the elbow fossa under the abdomen.


3. Trichophyton is similar to itching, depilation, scaling, crusting and thickening of the skin. The difference is that most of the infections are Trichophyton verrucosum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Trichophyton equine etc. It is common in the eyes, mouth, face, anus, etc. Sick cows have scabs on the skin, mostly localized alopecia, with short hair remaining on them, and in severe cases, the whole body merges into large patches.


How to treat cow mite disease?


Local rubbing and herbal bath therapy. Cut off the coat of the affected area before applying the medicine, wash off the dirt, crust and dander of the affected area with warm soapy water or warm alkaline water, and apply the medicine after drying. If the affected area is large, it must be treated in slices to prevent poisoning.


1. Applicator therapy


Repeated application after partial shearing and washing. Trichlorfon solution (5 parts of lysol, dissolved in 100 parts of warm water, 5 parts of trichlorfon added), rub the affected area, or spray with a 0.5%-1% aqueous solution of trichlorfon, or spray with 0.5% solution of trichlorfon .


2. Medicinal bath therapy


Cement baths or mechanized baths can be used, and 0.05% phoxim is commonly used. After the medicated bath, prevent the cow from licking the liquid medicine.


3. Ivermectin should be injected subcutaneously at 200 micrograms per kilogram of body weight. In severe cases, repeat the medication once every 7-10 days.



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