What are the symptoms of bovine parainfluenza? How to treat?
The main symptoms of bovine parainfluenza are difficulty breathing, high fever and cough, which is another respiratory disease different from bovine flu. Bovine parainfluenza is more common in autumn and winter. Stress factors such as cold, weather changes, fatigue and long-distance transportation are all triggers of this disease. Infected cattle should be treated symptomatically in time to be controlled; if prevention can be strengthened during normal breeding, the occurrence of the disease can also be avoided.
What are the symptoms of bovine parainfluenza?
1. Clinical symptoms
Sick cows have symptoms such as lack of energy, loss of appetite, difficulty breathing, high fever, cough and runny nose. In severe cases, death may occur within a week. In addition, this disease can easily be mixed with other diseases, such as Pasteurella and other diseases, so the symptoms of different cows will be different, and some sick cows will have mucus diarrhea. symptom.
If a suspected cow is found, it must be diagnosed and confirmed in time. Generally, cows suffering from bovine parainfluenza can hear moist lora sounds during auscultation, alveolar breath sounds disappear, and sometimes pleural friction sounds can be heard.
2. Necropsy changes
An autopsy of the affected cattle showed fibrinous pleurisy, bronchopneumonia lesions, hypertrophy and hyperplasia of alveolar and bronchiolar epithelial cells, and lung lesions.
How to treat bovine parainfluenza?
Because the bovine parainfluenza has a long course and is prone to secondary infection, it should be treated promptly once it is found to control the condition as soon as possible. Treatment can take the following measures:
1. Use sulfamethazine 0.07g/kg body weight to treat the disease by intramuscular injection twice a day for 3-5 days; at the same time, add proper amount of vitamin A for better effect.
2. For those who have secondary diseases, they should be treated at the same time under the guidance of a veterinarian to avoid the spread of the disease.
3. Matters needing attention:
(1) During the treatment process, it is necessary to strengthen the care of cattle and adopt special management measures to achieve meticulous feeding and management. It is recommended to take body temperature measurements every morning and afternoon to observe the changes in symptoms of sick cows to understand the development of the disease and the health of the cows.
(2) Affected cows will sweat a lot after the high fever subsides, so be careful to wipe them with a clean towel in time.
(3) During the treatment of sick cows, pay more attention to observation after medication, especially to prevent the occurrence of gradual decline in body temperature or collapse.
(4) For the cows that are being treated and the cows that have just been cured, in cold, rainy weather, especially at night, we must strengthen management and keep warm to avoid cold and aggravate the disease or relapse, and increase the difficulty of control. Extend losses.
(5) Because the disease is contagious, the sick cattle must be cured before being fed into the herd. The cattle farm should strengthen the management of the cattle, and the abnormal or suspected cattle should be isolated and observed in a timely manner, and take good care of them. If the disease occurs, the cattle should be treated in time.
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